In 2003, more than 12,000 in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures using donor eggs were performed in the United States, resulting in more than 5,700 children born from donated eggs. That’s 10 percent more than the year before. In total, more than 115,000 children have been born in the US from using donated eggs.
Female infertility and the need for donor eggs
Infertility is defined as having sexual intercourse for a year without contraception without getting pregnant. According to the United States Centers for Disease Control, about 1.2 million, or 2% of women of reproductive age had an infertility-related medical appointment within the previous year, and 8% had an infertility-related medical visit at some point in the past.
There are a wide variety of medical reasons why women use donor eggs. One frequent reason for the use of egg donation is based on advanced reproductive age. Additionally, the early onset of menopause, which can occur in women as early as their 20’s, can require a woman to use donor eggs to grow her family. Some women are born without ovaries or other reproductive organs. Sometimes a woman’s reproductive organs have been damaged due to disease, have been surgically removed, or have been damaged from chemotherapy or radiation treatments. Another reason would be if the woman carried a genetic disorder that could be circumvented by using eggs from another person. What’s more, many women have none of these issues, but continue to be unsuccessful using their own eggs.
Success rate for egg donation
The CDC estimates that about 50 percent of the fertility treatments that use donor eggs result in a live birth. Obviously, that makes for a lot of sad hopeful parents, but also an equal number of happy ones.
With luck the success rate for infertility treatments using donor eggs will rise, along with the number of happy parents.